Full list on PubMed


Bettadapur, A, Hunter, SS, Barbieri, CG, Settles, ML, and Ralston, KS. Establishment of quantitative RNAi-based forward genetics in Entamoeba histolytica and identification of genes required for growth. Preprint. Read more

Bettadapur, A*, Miller, HW*, and Ralston, KS. 2020. Biting off what can be chewed: Trogocytosis in health, infection and disease. Infection and Immunity. Journal Cover. In press.

Gilmartin, AA, Ralston, KS, and Petri, WA, Jr. 2020. Inhibition of Amebic Cysteine Proteases Blocks Amebic Trogocytosis but not Phagocytosis. J Infect Dis. Read More


Bettadapur, A, and Ralston, KS. Direct and high-throughput assays for human cell killing through trogocytosis by Entamoeba histolytica. Preprint. Read More

Miller, HW, Suleiman, RL, and Ralston, KS. 2019. Trogocytosis by Entamoeba histolytica mediates acquisition and display of human cell membrane proteins and evasion of lysis by human serum. mBio. 10(2):e00068-19. Read More


Gilmartin, AA, Ralston KS, and Petri, WA, Jr. 2017. Inhibition of amebic lysosomal acidification blocks amebic trogocytosis and cell killing. mBio. 8(4):e01187-17. Read More


Ralston, KS. 2015. Taking a bite: Amoebic trogocytosis in Entamoeba histolytica and beyond. Current Opinion in Microbiology. 28:26-35. Read More

Ralston, KS. 2015. Chew on this: Amoebic trogocytosis and host cell killing by Entamoeba histolytica. Trends in Parasitology. (9):442. Read More


Ralston, KS, Solga, MD, Mackey-Lawrence, NM, Somlata, Bhattacharya, A, and Petri, WA, Jr. 2014. Trogocytosis by Entamoeba histolytica contributes to cell killing and tissue invasion. Nature. 508(7497):526-530. Read More Comment in: Guillen, N. 2014. Infection biology: Nibbled to death. Nature. 508(7497):462-463. Read More Comment in: Deresinski, S. 2014. Tissue destruction in amebiasis: chew on it. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 59(2):iii-iv. Read More

Naylor, C, Burgess, S, Madan, R, Buonomo, E, Razzaq, K, Ralston, K, and Petri, WA, Jr. 2014. Leptin receptor mutation results in defective neutrophil recruitment to the colon during Entamoeba histolytica infection. mBio. 5(6):e02046-14. Read More

Kisalu, NK, Langousis, G, Bentolila, LA, Ralston, KS, Weiss, S and Hill, KL. 2014. Mouse infection and pathogenesis by Trypanosoma brucei motility mutants. Cellular Microbiology. 16(6):912-24. Read More


Korpe, PS, Liu, Y, Siddique, A, Kabir, M, Ralston, KS, Ma, JZ, Haque, R and Petri, WA, Jr. 2013. A Prospective Cohort Study of Parasite-specific Breast Milk Antibodies and Protection from Enteric Protozoal Infection in Bangladeshi Infants. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 56(7):988-992. Read More

Kato, K, Takegawa, Y, Ralston, KS, Gilchrist, CA, Hamano, S, Petri, WA, Jr. and Shinohara, Y. 2013. Sialic acid-dependent attachment of mucins from three mouse strains to Entamoeba histolytica. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communication. 436(2):252-258. Read More


Royer, TL, Gilchrist, C, Kabir, M, Ralston, KS, Haque, R, Clark, CG and Petri, WA, Jr. 2012. Entamoeba bangladeshi n. sp.: A novel Entamoeba species identified in children in Bangladesh. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 18(9): 1543-1545. Read More

Hughes, LC, Ralston, KS, Hill, KL and Zhou, ZH. 2012. Three-dimensional structure of the trypanosome flagellum suggests that the paraflagellar rod functions as a biomechanical spring. PLoS One. 7(1):e25700. Read More


Ralston, KS, Kisalu, N and Hill KL. 2011. Structure-function analysis of dynein light chain 1 identifies viable motility mutants in bloodstream-form Trypanosoma brucei. Eukaryotic Cell. 10(7):884-894. Journal Cover. Read More

Ralston, KS and Petri, WA, Jr. 2011. Tissue destruction and invasion by Entamoeba histolytica. Trends in Parasitology. 27(6): 254-263. Journal Cover. Read More

Ralston, KS and Petri, WA, Jr. 2011. The ways of a killer: how does Entamoeba histolytica elicit host cell death? Essays in Biochemistry. 51:193-210. Read More


Ralston KS, Kabututu ZP, Melehani JH, Oberholzer M and Hill KL. 2009. The Trypanosoma brucei flagellum: moving parasites in new directions. Annual Review of Microbiology. 63:335-362. Read More

Oberholzer, M, Lopez, MA, Ralston, KS and Hill, KL. 2009. Approaches for functional analysis of flagellar proteins in African trypanosomes. Methods in Cell Biology. In: King, SM and Pazour, GJ editors; Cilia: Model Organisms and Intraflagellar Transport. p. 21-57. Academic Press. ISBN: 978-0-12-381377-0. Read More


Ralston, KS and Hill, KL. 2008. The flagellum of Trypanosoma brucei: new tricks from an old dog. International Journal of Parasitology. 38(8-9):869-884. Read More


Baron, DM, Ralston, KS, Kabututu, ZP and Hill, KL. 2007. Functional genomics in Trypanosoma brucei identifies evolutionarily-conserved components of motile flagella. Journal of Cell Science. 120(Pt 3):478-491. Read More


Ralston, KS and Hill, KL. 2006. Trypanin, a component of the flagellar dynein regulatory complex, is essential in bloodstream form African trypanosomes. PLoS Pathogens. 2(9):873-882. Read More

Ralston, KS, Lerner, AG, Diener, DR and Hill, KL. 2006. Flagellar motility contributes to cytokinesis in Trypanosoma brucei and is modulated by an evolutionarily-conserved dynein regulatory system. Eukaryotic Cell. 5(4):696-711. Read More


Medina, V, Sudarshana, MR, Tian, T, Ralston, KS, Yeh, HH and Falk, BW. 2005. The Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV)-encoded P26 is associated with plasmalemma deposits within LIYV-infected cells. Virology. 333(2):367-373. Read More


Hui, EKW, Ralston, K, Judd, AK and Nayak, DP. 2003. Conserved cysteine and histidine residues in the putative zinc finger motif of the influenza A virus M1 protein are not critical for influenza virus replication. Journal of General Virology. 84:3105-3113. Read More